The AfricaPaper | Somalia
Summary Report by HOL
Leaked Monitoring Group’s report highlights widespread corruption by senior TFG officials in Somalia. The group’s report outlines how the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) misappropriated funds and the general mismanagement of passport production and key revenue generating authorities including Mogadishu Port and Airport Authority and funds received from leading financial companies and telecom operators.
Sharif Hassan Sheikh Adan
The report alleges that Sharif Hassan Sheikh Adan has been looting and awarding contracts to his cronies since he was appointed as Finance Minister and deputy Prime Minister under the former PM Sharmarke’s TFG.
The report alleges that Sharif Hassan was involved in misappropriating $3 million dollars donated by Oman government in April, 2009. Similarly, Sharif Hassan received $1 million dollar kickback from SKA Air Logistics, a company he awarded management services contract for Mogadishu’s Aden Adde International Airport. Hassan and his business partner Sharif Ahmed Ba’alawi, General Gaafow, Director of Immigration and Naturalization and Ambassador Abdulqadir Sheikhey, the Consul General in Dubai are believed to own shares in Mondial Technology Information, a company that was awarded Somali Passports production contract. Sharif Hassan also negotiated with the Sudanese government to print Somali banknotes of Sh. So. 1,000; 2,000; 10,000; 20,000; 50,000 and 100,000 worth more than $150 million dollars.
Referring to the electronic passports, the report made a damaging allegation that even members of Al-Shabaab were issued passports, while others were issued diplomatic passports. “Fraud and corruption became rampant in the passport business, with multiple passports being issued to the same individuals under false identities and foreigners obtaining Somali passports thanks to the intervention of senior TFG officials. Members of Al-Shabaab, including at least one senior leader, have allegedly received new passports, and the Monitoring Group has confirmed that one of Somalia’s most notorious pirate leaders received a diplomatic passport in his own name with the full knowledge of senior TFG officials,” the report stated.
Prime Minister Abdiweli Ali Gaas
The Monitoring group report provided evidence on how the Prime Minister regularly sends letters to custom authorities requesting tax exemptions for companies or individuals that he claims provide services to TFG. The report also alleges that Prime Minister Abdiweli and former Prime Minister Farmaajo’s administration received $15 million from UAE government but the PM denies receiving the money from UAE government and alleges Farmaajo’s government misappropriated $3.5 million of the $10 million received from UAE.
The report further alleges that another million from the Government of South Sudan is unaccounted and the Prime Minister’s office took its cut. The report alleges that “In early 2012, South Sudan donated, through Price Waterhouse Coopers, US$1 million to support TFG reconciliation efforts in Somalia’s newly liberated areas. A senior TFG official confirmed to the Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group (SEMG) that the TFG did indeed receive the US$1 million from South Sudan. According to internal TFG documents obtained by the SEMG, the PM instructed the Finance Ministry to disburse the funds directly to individual government officials, MPs and political figures, including US$121,700 to his own office. No further information is available as to what these individuals did with the money, or whether any of these funds were in fact spent on reconciliation efforts.”
The report alleges that the three top in the cockpit of the TFG leadership, that is the president, the speaker and PM are said to have misappropriated almost 30 percent of the TFG revenues.
Former Prime Minister Mohamed Abdullahi-Farmaajo
Prime Minister Abdiweli alleges that the former Prime Minister Abdullahi-Farmaajo mismanaged $3.5 Million of the $10,000,000 received from the UAE. “The Monitoring Group has confirmed that the UAE donated US$10,000,000 to the Farmaajo administration and US$5,000,000 to the Abdiweli administration. Lastly, TFG PM Abdiweli Ali informed the SEMG that the US$15 million from the UAE had been wrongly reported. He noted that in 2011 the Farmaajo Administration had received US$10,000,000 from the UAE, but only deposited US$6,500,000 to the Central Bank, and that his administration had received US$5,000,000, which was entirely deposited into the Central Bank account. The SEMG could not reach the Central Bank to confirm these claims and the Prime Minister could not understand why his Ministry of Finance had reported a higher amount than that registered by the Central Bank of Somalia.” The Monitoring group did not interview the former prime Minister about this allegation.
President Sheikh Sharif Ahmed
The report also implicates the president and the speaker in the $3 million the Government of Oman donated to the Somali national Security Agency and that the president may have benefited through a third party clan associate. The report states that “One of the recipients of Omani funds identified by Ambassador Sheikhey was A.S.M.J General Trading, a company managed by Abbas Sheikh Mohamed ‘Jamalo’ (also spelt Jimale), a Dubai based Kenyan-Somali businessman and close clan relation of President Sheikh Sharif Hawiye/Abgaal/Harti/Agoonyar). According to current and former TFG officials, Abbas routinely advances funds to the TFG, and provides meticulous accounts when he wants reimbursement. One of his primary services has been the provision of dry food and daily subsistence to the TFG security forces.”
“Moreover, of the 30 per cent of revenues that the TFG can actually account for, almost one quarter is channeled through the offices of the three principal leaders: the President, Prime Minister and Speaker of Parliament. In 2011, these three offices spent more than US$12.6 million, representing almost 23 per cent of total government expenditure — almost as much as was spent on the TFG security forces (US$13.4 million) or the expenditure of all Ministries combined (US$15.4 million).”
Puntland President Farole
President Farole is alleged to have benefitted from the awarding of contracts to foreign corporations in violation of UNSC arms embargo. The report alleges that “Africa Oil, through its subsidiaries and affiliates, has engaged in a mutually beneficial relationship with a Somali security sector institution, namely the Puntland Exploration Security Unit (ESU). For this purpose, the company has contracted the services of a private security company, Pathfinder Corporation. 2. In many
respects, including its exceptional transparency, Pathfinder’s operations in Puntland arguably represent ‘best practices’ for private security companies in Somalia. However, in the assessment of the Monitoring Group, the company’s ‘temporary issue’ of military equipment to the ESU, as well as Africa Oil’s payment of ESU salaries (through its subsidiary, Canmex) constitute violations of the general and complete arms embargo on Somalia imposed by Security Council resolution 733 (1992) and elaborated by subsequent resolutions.
Additionally, President Farole gave contracts to foreign security firms that violate the UNSC arms embargo.
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